History of Ukraine

/ History of Ukraine

Endless plains, mild climate, breeding ground, deep culture, rich history – all these made Ukraine a favorable place for new settlements. History of Ukraine goes back in the epoch of Stone Age. Ukrainian history is a chain of different events which made a modern Ukraine as we know it now.

Looking through Ukrainian history timeline we see that territory of Ukraine was occupied by different states though many centuries. However, it did not destroy Ukrainian unity. Ukrainian history is a challenging and complicated way for independence. Learning timeline of Ukrainian history we track blossom of Ukrainian culture, development of national identity, multiple divisions of territories, long period of Ruin and time of recovery, victories and losses. Ukrainian history is a great example of constant fight for independence and democratic rights, for national culture and unity of nation.

Ukraine history timeline

Century/yearHistorical event
XX - X B.C.The first settlement in the territory of modern Ukraine
IV - III B.C.Development of Trypillian culture
IX - VII B.C.
Cimmerians
VI - III B.C.
Scythian kingdom
III B.C.
Sarmatians
III B.C.
Huns, Goths defeated by Romans
V
Kiev establishment
VIII
Kiev became dependent on Khazarian kingdom
882
Regaining of Kiev from Khazars by Oleg Rurik
882 – 912
Oleg reign
912-945
Igor reign
941
Igor invaded Constantinople, but was defeated
944
Treaty with Byzantine Empire
945-964
Olga reign (Igor’s widow)
957
Olga adopted Christianity in Constantinople
964—972
Svyatoslav reign
980-1015
Volodymyr the Great reign
988
Adoption of Christianity
1015-1019
Race for power
1019-1054
Yaroslav the Wise reign
1036
Crash of Pechenegs
1113-1125
Volodymyr Monomakh reign
1199 - 1340
Existence of Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia
1240
Mongols sacked Kiev
1256
Lvov establishment, founded by Danylo king of Rus
1340
Collapse of Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia
1387 - 1772
Galicia is a part of Poland
1387 - 1918
Transcarpathia is a part of Hungary
1387 - 1774
Bucovina is a part of Moldavian province
1492
First mention of Ukrainian Cossacks
1552 - 1554
Establishment of the Zaporizhian Host by Dmitry Vishnevsky
1569
Union of Lublin
1591 - 1593
First Cossacks rebellion against Polish regime hosted by Krzysztof Kosinski
1594 - 1595
Second Cossacks rebellion against Polish regime hosted by Severin Nalivaiko
1614 - 1622
Reign of hetman Petr Sahaidachny
1623 - 1628
Reign of hetman Mikhail Doroshenko
1631
Establishment of Mohyla Collegium, the oldest Orthodox institution of higher education in Eastern Europe
1648 - 1652
Cossack - Polish liberation war hosted by Bohdan Khmelnytsky
1654
Khmelnytsky signed Treaty of Pereyaslav with Moskovia
1657Death of Bohdan Khmelnytsky
1667
Treaty of Andrusovo. Division of Ukraine between Moskovia and Poland
1667 - 1685
The beginning of civil war in the territory of Ukraine. The Ruin
1687 - 1708
Ivan Mazepa reign
1709
Defeat of Mazepa and Karl 12 union by Petr the First
1764
Zaporizhian Host abolition by Catherine the Second
1765
Sloboda Ukraine and Crimean Peninsula fallen under control of Russian Empire
1783
Introduction of serfdom law in the territory of Ukraine by Catherine the Second
1830
Anti-russian rebellion in the territory of Right-Bank Ukraine
1861
The abolition of serfage in Ukraine
1863
Valuev Circular, by which a large portion of the publications in Ukrainian language was forbidden
1876
Ems Ukaz, banning the use and import of the Ukrainian language in print, with the exception of reprinting of old documents
1905 - 1907
The beginning of Ukrainian national liberation movement
1914 - 1918
Ukraine took part in the First World War. Right-Bank Ukraine supported Russian Empire, Left-bank Ukraine supported Austria
1915
Western Ukraine has been reconquered by Austria-Hungary kingdom
1917
Establishment of Central Rada in Ukraine hosted by Mikhail Hrushevsky
1917
Termination of all bans against Ukrainian culture
1917
Proclamation of Ukrainian People's Republic (UPR), including Kyiv region, Chernihiv, Volyn, Podillia, Poltava, Kharkov, Ekaterinoslav, Kherson and Tavria
29th of April, 1918
Proclamation of Ukrainian Republic headed by hetman Paul Skoropadsky. Dependence on German government
14th of December, 1918
Hetman Paul Skoropadsky abdication. UPR recovery
9th on November, 1918
Establishment of Western Ukrainian People's Republic
28th of January, 1919
Union of West Ukrainian People's Republic and Ukrainian People's Republic
1920
Division of Ukrainian territories between Poland and Soviet Republic
1929
Beginning of collectivization in the territories of Soviet Union
1932 - 1933
Holodomor in the territory of Ukraine
1939
Joining of Western Ukraine to Soviet Union
1941 - 1945
Ukraine took part in the Second World War as a part of Soviet Union (The Great Patriotic War)
1945
Membership in UN
1954
Membership in UNESCO
1985 - 1991
Active way to Ukrainian independence. Establishment of multiple national independent movements
1986
Explosion of nuclear reactor in Chernobyl
16th of July, 1990
Supreme Soviet of the USSR accepted declaration regarding national sovereignty of Ukraine
1991
Proclamation of Ukrainian independence. Leonid Kravchuk was chosen to be the first president of Ukraine
1994
Membership in NATO
1996
Constitution of Ukraine was adopted
1996
Adoption of national currency - Hryvna
1999
Leonid Kuchma won an election
2004
Orange revolution. Victor Yushchenko won office
2010
New president of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovich was chosen
2014
Beginning of revolution in Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovich deposition
2014
Crimea annexation to Russian Federation
2014Beginning of civil war in the territories of Donetsk and Lugansk regions. Proclamation of Donetsk and Lugansk National Republics (DNR and LNR)