Ukraine is an independent European country with its own governmental structure. The Ukrainian government is governed by the Constitution of Ukraine adopted in 1996. If to mention the structure of the government of Ukraine, you will learn that the head of the state is the President, the legislative power is represented by the Supreme Council called Verkhovna Rada, the executive power is represented by the Cabinet of Ministers and the judicial power is in the hands of the Supreme Court. Such structure of government in Ukraine guarantees the efficiency of its work.
The history of Ukrainian government has started with the proclamation of its independence. Ukraine became an independent democratic country in August, 24 and December, 1 this decision was confirmed at the referendum. With the appearance of the new state many different tasks of government had to be solved as soon as possible:
The Presidency Institute appeared on the territory of Ukraine at the beginning of the 20th century. There were several Ukrainian presidents in independent Ukraine: the first one was Leonid Kravchuk. In 1994 people elected Leonid Kuchma to be the Head of the State for two terms. Viktor Yushchenko became the President in 2005 and was replaced by Viktor Yanukovych in 2010.
The term “Verkhovna Rada” has first appeared in the Soviet Constitution (1937), while the parliament of the independent state began its functioning July 16, 1990, and started the foundation of the governmental system.
The Constitution of Ukraine was adopted only in 1996. The amendments of 2004 were criticized greatly because of numerous mistakes to be rectified and on October the first, 2010, the original Constitution was reestablished.
Ukrainian government history started in 1990 and now the task of all governmental representatives is to guarantee and promote human rights and freedoms.
As it was mentioned above the structure of Ukrainian government includes three branches such as legislative, executive and judicial. Each of powers is represented by different organs.
Ukrainian parliament is known as the Verkhovna Rada and it is a legislative body which is elected for 5 years by the population according to the mixed election system. There are 450 deputies there elected both at single- and multi-mandate constituencies according to the majority and proportional principles. Deputies choose the head of parliament and two his assistants by secret voting. The main task of parliament is to initiate laws and appoint the Prime Minister. Because of the political instability, the history of government mentions several Prime Ministers of Ukraine. If to speak about the current Prime Minister, Ukraine has received a new one in May 2016 and it is Volodymyr Groysman. He is in charge of the Cabinet of Ministers and his main task is to nominate and coordinate work of every Ukrainian Minister.
The President of Ukraine is designated to be the Head of the State by Ukrainian Constitution. He is elected by Ukrainian citizens for a term of 5 years and is the highest official in the Ukrainian government system that represents the State abroad. According to the Constitution, he is obliged to guarantee the sovereignty of the state and its territorial indivisibility, observe guaranteed by the main law human rights and freedoms.
The current president of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko, won the elections of 2014 and received 54.7% of people’s votes in the first round already (an absolute majority).
The elections to the Verkhovna Rada took place in October 2014 and now there are 422 deputies (without the constituencies from the Crimea, Luhansk, and Donetsk oblast). 5 pro-European parties that were elected have signed the coalition agreement and represent the majority in the Parliament, while Opposition Block represents the opposition.
The current Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, formed in May 2016, has functioned not for a long time. Volodymyr Groysman became the Prime Minister, his First Vice Prime Minister is Stepan Kubiv, the positions of Vice Prime Ministers are taken by Hennadiy Zubko, Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze, Vyacheslav Kyrylenko, Pavlo Rozenko and Volodymyr Kistion.