Demographics of Ukraine

/ / Demographics of Ukraine

Ukraine is the biggest country in the Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Russia at east and northeast; Belarus is located towards northwest border; with Slovakia, Poland and Hungary Ukraine shares its west borders; Romania and Moldova are in the southwest; at the south Ukraine is surrounded by Black and Azov seas. This neighborhood makes population and ethnic composition of demographics of Ukraine diversified.

Within the recent years population of Ukraine looked down dramatically. Unfortunately, there are quite many factors influence this tendency. As of 2016 population of Ukraine makes 42 488 512 of permanent residents and 42 658 149 of present residents.

In order to set the reason for such rapid changes we need to look back to demographical history of Ukraine.

  1. Historical overview
  2. Modern times
  3. Life expectancy
  4. Fertility level
  5. Gender ratio
  6. Ethnic groups
  7. Population density
  8. Population indicators

1. Demographics of Ukraine. Historical view

According to historical data the first settlements in Ukraine appeared in the territory of modern Ukraine more than 45 thousands years ago. These were tribes of Ants and Southslavic Sklavins. These were tribes, that is why it is difficult to determine a population of that settlements.

The first mention about the number of people living in the territory of Ukraine was in the early XVII century. By that time population of Ukraine was up to 5-6 million people. In the days of feudality population of Ukraine has been declining because of constant wars and raids of the Crimean Tatars, Turkeys and Circassians. This decline of Ukrainian population lasted till the collapse of Crimean Khanate in 1783.

Once the Crimean Khanate has been defeated population of Ukraine started its’ rapid growth. By 1870 Ukrainian population was up to 18,5 million people and in 1913 population of Ukraine already reached the border of 35 million people. Despite the fact that quite a lot of people migrated in Canada and USA during that times population in Ukraine kept on rising.

Another one major crisis population of Ukraine has undergone in 1990s. The reason for the new one crisis wave was a high death rate and low birth rate in Ukraine. Of course, things are changing, however population level in Ukraine is still law in comparison with neighbor European countries.

2. Demographics of Ukraine. Modern times

Currently population in Ukraine shows negative growth rate. According to the recent calculation Ukraine is 31st most-populated country in the world. However, with such a level of population decline Ukraine may change its position in the world ranking. In order to stabilize the situation with population Ukrainians need to increate birth rate by 50% and decrease death rate accordingly.

3. Life expectancy in Ukraine

Life expectancy rate in Ukraine is quite law in comparison with life expectancy in the other European countries. However, a good point is that average life expectancy rate in Ukraine has been greatly increased since 1900s years. In 1904-1913 average life expectancy rate in Ukraine was about 33 years (32 for men and 34 for women accordingly).

What is average life expectancy in Ukraine nowadays?

Nowadays average life expectancy in Ukraine is 71,22. For male part of population of Ukraine average life expectancy rate is 65,98 and for females this number is 75,88.

4. Fertility level

Fertility level is rising a well as rises life expectancy, however 1,46 per woman is not enough for rapid growth of Ukrainian population. Currently fertility level in Ukraine is 10.8 births/1,000 population, and the death rate is 15.2 deaths/1,000 population.

demographics of ukraineDemographics of Ukraine

5. Ukraine gender ratio

Ratio of men to women in Ukraine makes 46,3% to 53,7%. So, numerically male population in Ukraine is 22, 441 mln. persons and female population makes 26, 16 mln.

female48,4 %47,7 %44,4 %45,2 %46,2 %46,3 %
male51,6 %52,3 %55,6 %54,8%53,7%53,8%

According to UkrStat statistics provided below gender ratio in Ukraine is closely connected to average life expectation level. Level of male morality on Ukraine is higher than morality level of female part of population of Ukraine.


6. Ukraine ethnic groups

According to the results of the latest one population census in Ukraine Ukrainians make up 77,8 of total population of Ukraine. The second place is occupied with Russians, 17% of total population. The other major ethnic groups in Ukraine are the Belarusians (0,57%), the Bulgarians (0,42%), Moldavians (0,54%), the Hungarians (0,32%), the Romanians (0,31%), the Poles (0,30%).

It is necessary to mention that a real situation in Ukrainian ethnic division differs from the one provided in official statistics. Just 60% of all Ukrainians are monoethnic Ukrainians, 25% of population in Ukraine are considered to be bi-ethnic Russian-Ukrainians, 9% are monoethnic Russians and the rest 5% are people from the other ethnic groups.

Historically every different ethnic group occupies its own territory. Consequently, Russians mostly occupy Eastern and central part of Ukrainian territory; Polish people live in the west part of Ukraine, especially in Podolie and Volyn; Moldavian ethnic group occupies west south of Ukraine, where Odessa is located.

demographics of ukraine Ethnic groups in Ukraine

7. Ukraine population density

As per World Population View research for 2016 average density level in Ukraine is 75,4 persons per 1 square kilometer. The most densely-populated region in Ukraine always was Donetsk region. Population density of Ukraine is experiencing rapid changes nowadays. Due to the recent events in the Eastern part of Ukraine this indicator might have been changed.

Because of active in-migration it is currently considered that the most densely-populated regions are Kharkov region, Kiev region, Dnepropetrovsk region, Lvov and Ivano-Frankovsk regions.

demographics of ukraine Ukraine. Density population

8. Ukraine population indicators

Population of Ukraine44,581,110 mln
Average life expectancy 71,16 years
Life expectancy (male)65,98 years
Life expectancy (female)75,88 years
Female population53,7 %
Male population 46,3 %
Birth rate per day 1,29 per.
Death rate per day1,89 per.