The spoken language in Ukraine is Ukrainian. Ukrainian language a language of TV in the country and all the types of law documents. Despite this for majority Ukrainians colloquial language in Ukraine is Russian.
Beginning of Ukrainian Language history dates back to Kievan Rus period. During the thousands of years the language was modified and provided the basis for the other Slavic languages.
In different periods of time Ukrainian lands were divided between the Russian and the Austrian Empires. Both states prohibited usage of Ukrainian language in their countries. This situation slowed down the development of Ukrainian literature and Ukrainian language as an official one. The impact of the Russian and Austrian Empires was the reason for modern official language in Ukraine being very similar to Russian language and Polish. Literary Ukrainian language appeared at the beginning of the XVIII century. It’s founder name is Ivan Kotlyarevsky. He is the author of the first book written in Ukrainian language “Eneida”
For a long time Ukrainian language remained unacknowledged. Towards the end of October 1989, 2 years before the collapse of the USSR, this language became an official language in Ukraine.
Ukrainian language is included in to top-20 list of the most popular languages in the world. Nearly 43 million people in the world consider it their native language. The main part of these people live in Ukraine (around 32 million). However, the question is: How many people speak Ukrainian in other counties? It’s about 16 million. International Ukrainian-speakers live in Georgia, Poland, Belarus, Russia, Hungary, Romania, Germany, Brazil, Canada and other countries.
The other spoken languages in Ukraine are Russian (known by almost all the population) and Belorussian (about 250 thousand of speakers). Also, among the other languages spoken in Ukraine we can point out English, Rumanian, Polish, Hungarian.
Original phenomenon of middle Ukrainian literature was a polemical works of Ivan Vyshensky, Maleta Smotritsky, Feofan Prokopovich, etc. The top of the old Ukrainian literature of the Baroque period is a poet and philosopher Gregory Skovoroda (1722-1794).
The history of Ukrainian official language starts at the end of the XVIII century with poem by Ivan Kotlyarevsky “Eneida”. It signified the emergence of modern literary Ukrainian language and the beginning of modern Ukrainian literature. A humorous and satiric tone of the Kotlyarevsky works was taken up by the other writers, primarily members of the so-called Kharkov community (Peter Gulak-Artyomovsk, Eugene Hrebinka). Another famous Ukrainian language writer of this period is Gregory Kvitka-Osnovyanenko
The most famous writer of Ukraine is the world-famous Taras Shevchenko. His work “Kobzar”, printed in 1840, is almost a national symbol.
National language of Ukraine is similar to many others but has its own interesting lexicon and literature. Ukrainian diasporas spread all over the world promotes learning of Ukrainian language all over the world.